The Rio de Janeiro

             

The people

Demography

The estimated population for the Rio de Janeiro IBGE was 6,186,710 inhabitants in the city and 11,711,233 in the metropolitan area (2010), making it the second largest city of Brazil, third in South America and 24th in the world .

 
The average annual rates of increase of the population were 0.8% (2000-2006) and 0.75% (1991-2000) in the city, and 1.43% (2000-2006) and 1.18% (1991 - 2000) in the metropolitan area - which indicates, in general, an acceleration in the growth rate of other municipalities in the Rio Grande, and a small increase in the rate of capital.

Ethnic composition

Interior of the Royal Portuguese Reading Room, founded in 1837 by a group of forty-three Portuguese immigrants, political refugees, to promote culture among the Portuguese community in the then capital of the Empire. It is the largest library of Portuguese outside Portugal.

This migration is triggered in the sixteenth century and reached its peak in the early twentieth century, constituting one of the largest bodies of immigrants already received by the country. However, it was particularly in 1808 with the establishment of the Royal Family in Rio de Janeiro, and the relative proximity of mining deposits (discovered in the eighteenth century), the city has benefited from the wave Lusitanian. Only that year, landed in Brazil 15 000 nobles and people of Portuguese high society - the vast majority in the then capital of the Colony.

After independence, migration showed a gradual reduction, due to the inherent lusophobia time. However, over the years, the shortage of manpower caused by the end of the slave trade and the frequent setbacks faced by socioeconomic Portugal Portuguese immigration would make to grow in Rio and Brazil. From 1850, Portuguese immigration has taken almost exclusively urban character and, unlike the Germans and Italians who came to work in agriculture, the Portuguese roamed the two preferred destinations: the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.

Between 1881 and 1991, more than 1.5 million people moved from Portugal to Brazil. In 1906, 133,393 Portuguese living in Rio de Janeiro - 16% of the time. Although migration rates have been reduced dramatically from the 1930s (and, with greater emphasis, after 1960), even today the city is considered as having the second largest Portuguese population in the world, after Lisbon.

Migrants from other states in Brazil

You may notice a respectable contingent of people from other states, particularly the Northeast. Pernambuco and Paraiba do is quite present. At the height of industrialization between the 1960s and 1980s, began migrating to the Southeast in search of better living conditions and work. With the structural improvements in other regions of the country, and problems resulting from overpopulation in large cities, the Northeast migration has decreased considerably. Although Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo will continue to be important poles of attraction, migration "Polynucleated" won more pronounced contours.

African-brazilian

There are also many african-Brazilians from the colonial period - most descended from slaves brought from Benin, Angola and Moçambique.Com important contributions of his religious syncretism and musical remnants of African culture are now entangled in Brazilian culture and the city .

Other immigrants

Germans, Italians, Russians, Swiss, Lebanese, Jewish, Spanish, French, Argentinean, Chinese and their descendants make up a sizable portion of foreign peoples settled in the city. Between 1920 and 1935, landed in the city tens of thousands of Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe, especially Ukraine and Poland.

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Maria Eugênia Street, 300 - Humaitá - Rio de Janeiro - RJ, 22261-080 • teléphone: (21) 3410-5131